align-content property controls alignment of a box's content along the cross/block axis within its content box.
The alignment is similar to how
justify-content aligns individual items, however,
align-content aligns the whole line. It aligns flex lines within a multi-line flex container when there is extra space in the cross-axis.
To create a multi-line flex container apply
flex-wrap with a value of either
- Flex items are packed toward the start of the line.
- Flex items are packed toward the end of the line.
- Flex items are packed toward the center of the line.
- Flex items are evenly distributed in the line.
- Same as
space-between, but with half-size spaces on either end.
- Lines stretch to take up the remaining space. If the leftover free-space is negative, this value is identical to
flex-start. Otherwise, the free-space is split equally between all of the lines, increasing their cross size.
In addition, all CSS properties also accept the following CSS-wide keyword values as the sole component of their property value:
- Represents the value specified as the property's initial value.
- Represents the computed value of the property on the element's parent.
- This value acts as either
initial, depending on whether the property is inherited or not. In other words, it sets all properties to their parent value if they are inheritable or to their initial value if not inheritable.
Basic Property Information
- Initial Value
- Applies To
- Multi line flex containers
- Computed Value
- Specified value
Working Example within an HTML Document
Flexbox refers to the Flexible Box Layout module introduced in CSS3. Flex items are placed within a flex container. A flex container is an element with either
display: flex or
In the flex layout model, the children of a flex container can be laid out in any direction, and can "flex" their sizes, either growing to fill unused space or shrinking to avoid overflowing the parent.
For more information on flex items, see the
align-contentproperty is defined in the CSS Flexible Box Layout Module Level 1 (W3C Candidate Recommendation, 26 May 2016)
- It is also being redefined in CSS Box Alignment Module Level 3 (W3C Working Draft).
The following table provided by Caniuse.com shows the level of browser support for this feature.
For maximum browser compatibility many web developers add browser-specific properties by using extensions such as
-webkit- for Safari, Google Chrome, and Opera (newer versions),
-ms- for Internet Explorer,
-moz- for Firefox,
-o- for older versions of Opera etc. As with any CSS property, if a browser doesn't support a proprietary extension, it will simply ignore it.
This practice is not recommended by the W3C, however in many cases, the only way you can test a property is to include the CSS extension that is compatible with your browser.
The major browser manufacturers generally strive to adhere to the W3C specifications, and when they support a non-prefixed property, they typically remove the prefixed version. Also, W3C advises vendors to remove their prefixes for properties that reach Candidate Recommendation status.
Many developers use Autoprefixer, which is a postprocessor for CSS. Autoprefixer automatically adds vendor prefixes to your CSS so that you don't need to. It also removes old, unnecessary prefixes from your CSS.
You can also use Autoprefixer with preprocessors such as Less and Sass.