HTML <figcaption> Tag

The <figcaption> tag is used to provide a caption when using the <figure> tag (the <figure> tag is for annotating illustrations, diagrams, photos, code listings, etc).


The <figcaption> tag is written as <figcaption></figcaption> with the caption inserted between the start and end tags.

The <figcaption> tag is used either as the first or last child of its parent <figure> tag.

Like this:

Or this:


Basic tag usage

Here, the <figcaption> tag is placed as the first child of the <figure> element.

As Last Child of <figure> Element

You can also place the <figcaption> at the end of the <figure> element (i.e. so that it's the last child of the <figure> element).

Here, we place the <figcaption> element under the image that is the main content of the <figure> element.


Poems and lyrics could also be marked up with the <figure> tag. Notice that the <cite> element is inside the <figcaption> element.


Attributes can be added to an HTML element to provide more information about how the element should appear or behave.

The <figcaption> element accepts the following attributes.


Global Attributes

The following attributes are standard across all HTML elements. Therefore, you can use these attributes with the <figcaption> tag , as well as with all other HTML tags.

For a full explanation of these attributes, see HTML 5 global attributes.

Event Handlers

Event handler content attributes enable you to invoke a script from within your HTML. The script is invoked when a certain "event" occurs. Each event handler content attribute deals with a different event.

Most event handler content attributes can be used on all HTML elements, but some event handlers have specific rules around when they can be used and which elements they are applicable to.

For more detail, see HTML event handler content attributes.