HTML <b> Tag
<b> tag is used to create a 'b' element, which represents bold text in an HTML document.
<b> tag should be used to markup text as bold without conveying any extra importance, for example in article abstracts, where the beginning of an article is set in bold text. It should not be used to convey extra importance. To convey extra importance, use the
<strong> tag. To emphasize text, use the
<b> tag is written as
</b> with the text to be bold inserted between the start and end tags.
Here's an example of using the
<b> element to mark up product names in a review of two products.
Here's an example of using the
<b> element to mark up the opening paragraph of an article.
An article lede (or lead) is typically used in conjunction with the headline or title. It precedes the main body of the article, and it gives the reader the main idea of what the story is about.
Journalistic ledes emphasize grabbing the attention of the reader, whereas, ledes in essays summarize the outline of the argument and conclusion that follows in the main body of the essay.
<b> should not be used to convey extra importance. To convey extra importance, use the
<b> should not be used to convey emphasis. To convey emphasis, use the
Below are examples of the correct usage of each of these tags.
Attributes can be added to an HTML element to provide more information about how the element should appear or behave.
There are 3 kinds of attributes that you can add to your HTML tags: Element-specific, global, and event handler content attributes.
<b> element accepts the following attributes.
This table shows the attributes that are specific to the
The following attributes are standard across all HTML5 elements. Therefore, you can use these attributes with the
<b> tag , as well as with all other HTML tags.
For a full explanation of these attributes, see HTML 5 global attributes.
Event Handler Content Attributes
Event handler content attributes enable you to invoke a script from within your HTML. The script is invoked when a certain "event" occurs. Each event handler content attribute deals with a different event.
Below are the standard HTML5 event handler content attributes.
Again, you can use any of these with the
<b> element, as well as any other HTML5 element.
For a full explanation of these attributes, see HTML 5 event handler content attributes.
Differences Between HTML 4 & HTML 5
HTML 4 (and previous versions of HTML) defined the
<b> element in terms of presentation only - that the browser should display its contents in a bold typeface.
HTML 5 has given the
<b> element a specific semantic purpose. That semantic purpose is to represent text
offset from its surrounding content without conveying any extra emphasis or importance, and for which the conventional typographic presentation is bold text.
The HTML 5 specification states that the
<b> element should only be used when no other element is appropriate - that the
<b> element should be used as a
Here's a template for the
<b> tag with all available attributes for the tag (based on HTML5). These are grouped into attribute types, each type separated by a space. In many cases, you will probably only need one or two (if any) attributes. Simply remove the attributes you don't need.
Note that the
<b> element does not actually have any local attributes (i.e. attributes that are specific to the element), but the following global attributes and event handlers are available to the element (and all other HTML elements).
Here are the official specifications for the
- HTML5 Specification (W3C)
- HTML Living Standard (WHATWG)
- Current W3C Draft (the next version that is currently being worked on)
- HTML 4 (W3C)
What's the Difference?
W3C creates "snapshot" specifications that don't change once defined. So the HTML5 specification won't change once it becomes an official recommendation. WHATWG on the other hand, develops a "living standard" that is updated on a regular basis. In general, you will probably find that the HTML living standard will be more closely aligned to the current W3C draft than to the HTML5 specification.