HTML <area> Tag
<area> tag creates the 'area' element, which represents an area in an image map.
An image map is an image with one or more areas that are hyperlinked. This means that the user can click on different areas within the image to be taken to a different URL.
<area> tag is typically written like this
<area shape="" coords="" href="" alt=""> (no end tag) with the relevant attribute values inserted between the double quotes of the respective attributes.
Geographical maps are a great candidate for applying an image map to. Using a graphic of a map, you can create clickable areas to indicate different geographical locations (eg, cities, provinces, or whole countries or continents).
The image below displays an image of two different countries. Each country is linked to a different URL. This is made possible by using an image map (i.e.
<area> in conjunction with the
The above map example uses a shape of
poly to display a polygon. A polygon is more complex than a simple shape such as a rectangle or circle. You can specify a polygon using either
poly as a value of the
You can also use shape names to draw a rectangle (
rect) or a circle (
Below is an example of an image map consisting of a rectangle, circle, and a polygon.
Attributes can be added to an HTML element to provide more information about how the element should appear or behave.
<area> element accepts the following attributes.
|Alternate text. This specifies text to be used in case the browser/user agent can't render the image.
|Specifies the coordinates of the clickable area. Coordinates are specified as follows:
|Defines a shape for the clickable area. Possible values:
|Specifies the URL of a page or the name of the anchor that the link goes to.
|Specifies the target frame to load the page into.
|Indicates that the link is to be used for downloading a resource (such as a file). The author can specify a default file name by providing a value. This attribute is optional.
[Default file name.] (optional)
|Describes the relationship between the current document and the destination URI. Only to be used when the
href attribute is present. Multiple values can be provided, separated by a space.
|Language code of the destination URL. Only to be used when the
href attribute is present.
|Specifies the MIME type of the linked resource. Only to be used when the
href attribute is present.
The following attributes are standard across all HTML elements. Therefore, you can use these attributes with the
<area> tag , as well as with all other HTML tags.
For a full explanation of these attributes, see HTML 5 global attributes.
Event handler content attributes enable you to invoke a script from within your HTML. The script is invoked when a certain "event" occurs. Each event handler content attribute deals with a different event.
Most event handler content attributes can be used on all HTML elements, but some event handlers have specific rules around when they can be used and which elements they are applicable to.
For more detail, see HTML event handler content attributes.