Create a View in SQL Server 2017

In SQL Server, you can save a query as a view. Views are beneficial for many reasons, including security, usability, and convenience.

In SQL Server, a view is a virtual table whose contents are defined by a query. It is basically a pre-written query that is stored on the database.

A view consists of a SELECT statement, and when you run a query against the view, you see the results of it like you would when opening a table. Views are referred to as virtual tables because they can pull together data from multiple tables, as well as aggregate data, and present it as though it is a single table.

Benefits of Views

A view can be useful when there are multiple users with different levels of access, who all need to see portions of the data in the database (but not necessarily all of the data). Views can do the following:

How to Create a View

To create a view, use the CREATE VIEW statement, followed by the SELECT statement.


That's all there is to it. When you run that statement, the view is saved to the database


Here's an example of creating a view and then selecting data from that view.

  1. Create the View

    Run the following statement against the Music database that we've created throughout this tutorial.

    This example creates a view called RockAlbums. It selects all albums that have been assigned a Genre of "Rock".

  2. View the View

    Expand the Views node under the applicable database to see your newly created view. You can also expand the view's nodes to see the columns that are included in its definition.

    Screenshot of the highlighted view with the code that created it also highlighted
  3. Run the View

    Now that the view has been created, you can run it by using a SELECT statement. You can select everything, or you can select specific columns, narrow the results further with a WHERE clause, etc.

    Screenshot of running the view

Alter a View

You can modify your view with the ALTER VIEW statement.

All you do is provide the new view definition that you'd like to use. So it's almost like creating a new view with the CREATE VIEW statement except it's altering an existing one with the ALTER VIEW statement.

Here's an example.

  1. Alter the View

    Run the following statement. This adds a new column to the view's selection (the ReleaseDate column).

  2. Run the View

    Now that we've added the ReleaseDate column to the view, we can use that in our SQL queries against the view.

    For example, we can select all albums where the release date is after a certain date.

    Screenshot of running the view