CSS top

The CSS top property specifies how far a box's top margin edge is offset from the top edge of the box's containing block.

The property allows you to specify how far the element is offset from the top edge of its containing block (for absolute positioning), or from where the positioned element's top edge would normally have been (for relative positioning). If it's a stickily positioned box, the top property's value is used to compute the sticky-constraint rectangle.

The top property is used in conjunction with the position property when its value is anything other than static.

Also see the bottom, left, and right properties.


These values are explained below.

Possible Values


Specifies the following:

  • for absolutely positioned elements, the position of the element is based on the bottom property, and height: auto will be treated as a height based on the content.
  • for relatively positioned elements, the offset the element from its original position is based on the bottom property, or if the value of bottom is also auto, no offset occurs at all.

Specifies the offset as a percentage. The offset is a percentage of the containing block's height. For stickily positioned elements, the offset is a percentage of the flow root's height. Negative values are allowed.


Specifies the offset as a length. The offset is a fixed distance from the reference edge. Negative values are allowed.

In addition, all CSS properties also accept the following CSS-wide keyword values as the sole component of their property value:

Represents the value specified as the property's initial value.
Represents the computed value of the property on the element's parent.
This value acts as either inherit or initial, depending on whether the property is inherited or not. In other words, it sets all properties to their parent value if they are inheritable or to their initial value if not inheritable.

General Information

Initial Value
Applies To
Positioned elements.
Yes (see example)

Example Code

Official Specifications