CSS animation-duration

The CSS animation-duration property allows you to specify how long your animation will take to complete one cycle.

This allows you to adjust the speed of the animation, so that it runs quickly, slowly, or somewhere in between.

The animation-duration property accepts a "time" value. For example, a value of 3s will result in an animation running for 3 seconds. By changing the value of the animation-duration property, you effectively change the speed at which your animation runs. A higher value results in a slower animation, whereas a smaller value results in a faster animation.

Syntax

animation-duration: <time> [, <time>]*

Possible Values

<time>
The period of time that the animation should take to complete one cycle. For example, a value of 5s would result in the animation taking 5 seconds to complete. By default the value is 0s, meaning that the animation cycle is immediate (i.e. you would not see any animation). A negative value is treated as 0s.

In addition, all CSS properties also accept the following CSS-wide keyword values as the sole component of their property value:

initial
Represents the value specified as the property's initial value.
inherit
Represents the computed value of the property on the element's parent.
unset
This value acts as either inherit or initial, depending on whether the property is inherited or not. In other words, it sets all properties to their parent value if they are inheritable or to their initial value if not inheritable.

Basic Property Information

Initial Value
0s
Applies To
All elements, and the :before and :after pseudo elements
Inherited?
No
Media
Visual

Example Code

Basic CSS

animation-duration: 3s;

Working Example within an HTML Document

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Example</title>
<style>
.springy-text {
  color: white;
  animation-name: springy-text;
  animation-duration: 1s;
  animation-timing-function: ease;
  animation-delay: 0s;
  animation-iteration-count: 1;
  animation-direction: normal;
  animation-fill-mode: forwards;
}
@keyframes springy-text {
0%   {
  letter-spacing: 1.2em;
  color: white;
  }
100%   {
  letter-spacing: 0.1em;
  color: orange;
  }
}
</style>
<h3 class="springy-text">Animations!</h3>

Try it with the Online Editor

CSS Specifications

Browser Support

The following table provided by Caniuse.com shows the level of browser support for this feature.

Vendor Prefixes

For maximum browser compatibility many web developers add browser-specific properties by using extensions such as -webkit- for Safari, Google Chrome, and Opera (newer versions), -ms- for Internet Explorer, -moz- for Firefox, -o- for older versions of Opera etc. As with any CSS property, if a browser doesn't support a proprietary extension, it will simply ignore it.

This practice is not recommended by the W3C, however in many cases, the only way you can test a property is to include the CSS extension that is compatible with your browser.

The major browser manufacturers generally strive to adhere to the W3C specifications, and when they support a non-prefixed property, they typically remove the prefixed version. Also, W3C advises vendors to remove their prefixes for properties that reach Candidate Recommendation status.

Many developers use Autoprefixer, which is a postprocessor for CSS. Autoprefixer automatically adds vendor prefixes to your CSS so that you don't need to. It also removes old, unnecessary prefixes from your CSS.

You can also use Autoprefixer with preprocessors such as Less and Sass.